Are Preachers More Like Lawyers or Doctors?


In our pastoral training program Training National Trainers, we often illustrate one of the Dig & Discover Hermeneutical Principles called “Asking Good Questions” by contrasting the way doctors and lawyers operate.

lawyer-preacherThe illustration goes as follows: A lawyer starts with a conclusion (whether a person is innocent or guilty) then sets out to prove it. Sure, he may look at all the facts, but he emphasizes only those facts that will help win the case and downplays those that will jeopardize it. He starts with a conclusion then points to, or proceeds to, the facts. Preachers can often act this way as well by imposing their preconceived ideas on the biblical text instead of letting the biblical text shape their outlook.

doctor-preacherA good medical doctor, on the other hand, asks many questions about the symptoms, makes a thorough examination, asks more questions still, then arrives at his conclusion, the diagnosis, and ultimately decides on a treatment. Even then, further investigation may sharpen or alter his prior conclusions. He starts with the basic facts then proceeds to a conclusion. Preachers should be like doctors and let Scripture give the diagnosis and lead to the substance of their messages.

In the video above, Allan, one of the men we train in Honduras, shared how much this illustration changed his perspective about studying the Bible and preaching. (He shares at 1:10-2:05 in the video.) You can read his words below.

“All this teaching and all this presentation makes me search my own heart. Another thing I learned that … every pastor was like ‘wow!’ was when Paul was talking about how the lawyer operates and how a doctor operates…

The way that [Bible study] is done mostly in Honduras, is that we draw a conclusion and then we start looking for things that support our conclusion (what a lawyer does). A doctor asks all the questions and [understands] details first so he can arrive at the conclusion. That is something the pastors said they hadn’t heard before. If they hadn’t heard it, they hadn’t done it.”


“Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth.” 2 Timothy 2:15

All part of training pastors to preach God’s Word with God’s heart!

Kevin Halloran

Servant of the Word. Husband. Blogs weekly at Anchored in Christ. Content Strategist/Trainer in Latin America with Leadership Resources International.

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